This section is currently based solely on the Miniature Card specification v1.1.
Address A0 to A24 are the address bus lines that can address up to 32 Mwords (64 MBytes). The Miniature Card specification does not require the Miniature Card to decode the upper address lines. A 2 Mbyte Miniature Card that does not decode the upper address lines would repeat its address space every 2 Mbytes. Address 0h would access the same physical location as 200000h, 400000h, 600000h, etc.
Data lines D0 through D15 constitute the data bus. The data bus is composed of two bytes, the low byte D[7:0] and the high byte D[15:8].
OE# indicates that the current bus cycle is a read cycle.
WE# indicates that the current bus cycle is a write cycle.
Voltage Sense 1 signal. The card grounds this signal to indicate it can operate at 3.3 Volts. This signal must either be connected to card GND or left open.
Voltage Sense 2 signal. The card grounds this signal to indicate it can operate at x.x Volts (the value to be determined at a later date). This signal must either be connected to card GND or left open.
CEL# enables the low byte of the data bus (D[7:0]) on the card. This signal is not used in DRAM cards.
CEH# enables the high byte of the data bus (D[15:8]) on the card. This signal is not used in DRAM cards.
RAS# strobes in the row address for DRAM cards.
CASL# strobes in the low byte column address for DRAM cards.
CASH# strobes in the high byte column address for DRAM cards.
RESET# controls card initialization. When RESET# transitions from a low state to a high state, the Miniature Card must reset to a predetermined state.
BUSY# is a signal generated by the card to indicate the status of operations within the Miniature Card. When BUSY# is high, the Miniature Card is ready to accept the next command from the host. When BUSY# is low, the Miniature Card is busy and unable to accept some data operations from the host. For example, in Flash Miniature Cards the BUSY# signal is tied to the components RY/BY# signal. However, ROM Miniature Cards would always drive BUSY# high since the host will always be able to read from a ROM Miniature Card.
Vccr provides a low current (refresh) voltage supply. Vccr is a feature used by DRAM Miniature Cards to "self-refresh" during "sleep" mode.
I2C: Serial Data/Address.
I2C: Serial Clock are used to read the attribute information structure (AIS) from the serial EEPROM in a DRAM card.
CD# is a grounded interface signal. After a Miniature Card has been inserted, CD# will be forced low. The card detect signal is located in the center of the second row of interface signals, and should be one of the last interface signals to connect to the host. Do not confuse CD# with CINS#. CINS# is an early card detect that is one of the first signals to connect to the host.
BS8# is a signal driven by the host to indicate if the data bus is x8 or x16. An 8-bit host must drive BS8# low and tie the high byte data bus D[15:8] to the low byte data bus D[7:0]. A 16-bit host must drive this signal high.
Vcc is used to supply power to the card.
CINS# is a grounded signal on the front of the Miniature Card that can be used for early detection of a card insertion. CINS# makes contact on the host when the front of the card is inserted into the socket, before the interface signals connect.
Contributor: Joakim Ögren
Minicature Card v1.1 spec at Miniature Card Implementers Forum's homepage
Copyright © The Hardware Book Team 1996-2001.
May be copied and redistributed, partially or in whole, as appropriate.
Document last modified: 2001-06-08